1850s Xavier Bazin Pot Lid Base Philly PA, Crystal Palace World's Fair

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#AD036 Crystal Palace World's Fair London English Pottery Pot Lid


In the 19th century, Philadelphia was an exciting business center for the manufacture of soap, perfumes, pomades and early cosmetics. Who would do well in this setting? The French! Eugene Rousell was born in 1803 in France and emigrated to Philadelphia, actual date unknown vut thought to be in the later 1830's. He started a successful French Soap and Perfumery Manufacturer business in Philly then. The Philly census records are quite confusing, with Rouselle spelled with many different spellings. and Eugene Rouselle shown born both 1803 and born 1811. Eugene's wife was named Florida Rousell, born in France about 1810, and we believe she died around 1840, possibly close after their arrival. They had a son Eugene, later a medical student born in 1838-1843, who worked as a clerk in his father's Mineral Water business in 1865. Surname spellings are seen as Roussell, Rousselle, Rousell, Roussel and so on. In the end, we believe him to be Eugene Marie Louis Roussel 1811–1879. We believe his second wife to be Catherine Emilie Kraft Rousell 1832–1875 and their two children together to be Albert E Roussel MD 1864–1935 and Aline Emily C. Rousell 1867–1926. We have no info on his first wife Florida Rouselle, or his earlier children, if there were others other than Eugene Jr.

It appears Xavier Bazin, born 1817, married into the Rouselle family, his wife was named Adele Rouselle Bazin 1830-1895, please see his daughter's death record info below. We do not know Xaviar's relation to Eugene Rousell, possibly his son in law? Note that the Bazin surname is also seen as Basin and Bizon in census records. It is not known when Xavier arrived in the US from France, but he first worked with Rouselle in his Philly perfume Laboratory in the 1840's. It appears that Eugene Rouselle was interested in devoting his time and business to the budding Mineral Water trade, and consequently sold the perfumery to Xavier. This was a wise move, as Rouselle, with laboratory background in perfumes, excelled in mineral waters and is an early pioneer in the business. After selling, they kept the Rouselle name on their product for a period of time during the transition in the late 1840's.

Other specific names of Bazin's products we found in antique bottle and pot lid searches were: Bandoline, Philocome Pomade, Pomatum, Hair Oil and Eau Lustrale. These pots and bottles are now highly collected by antique bottle and advertising collectors worldwide. His sons later became involved in the business in the 1870's and he formed a partnership with his daughter Caroline's new husband, Dr. Robert O. Kilduffe above, naming it the X. Bazin & Co. (son in law Robert Ormbsly Kilduffe 1853-1921 and daughter Caroline Adele Bazin Kilduffe 1857–1907) The Bazin family owned the business until 1884.

Found in Public Genealogy Records:
Eugene Roussell in the Pennsylvania, Septennial Census, 1779-1863
Birth Year: abt 1803, France
Age: 60
Residence Year: 1863
Residence Place: Philadelphia Ward 5, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
Occupation: Mineral Water

Eugene Roussell in the 1860 United States Federal Census
Age: 49
Birth Year: abt 1811
Birth Place: France
Home in 1860: Philadelphia Ward 5 Southern Division, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Post Office: Philadelphia
Occupation: Manufacturer
Household Members: Name Age
Eugene Roussell 49 manufacturer
Emily Roussell 27 (believed to be a son Emile Rousell)
Eugene Roussell 17 Junior
Mary McIntyre 23 servant
Jane Devitt 27 servant
Sarah Bradley 21 servant

Xavier Bazin in the 1870 United States Federal Census
Age in 1870: 53
Birth Year: abt 1817
Birthplace: France
Home in 1870: Philadelphia Ward 10 District 28, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Occupation: Perfumery Manufacturer
Inferred Spouse: Adaile Bazin
Inferred Children:
Charles Bazin
Phelix Bazin
Caroline Bazin
Henry Bazin
Josephine Bazin
Household Members in 1870, Name, Age:
Xavier Bazin 53
Adaile Bazin 39
Charles Bazin 19
Phelix Bazin 15
Caroline Bazin 14
Henry Bazin 6
Josephine Bazin 4

Xavier Bazin in the 1880 United States Federal Census
Age: 64
Birth Date: Abt 1816
Birthplace: France
Home in 1880: Elizabeth, Union, New Jersey
Spouse's Name: Adele Bazin
Father's Birthplace: France
Mother's Birthplace: France
Occupation: Perfumer
Household Members: Name Age
Xavier Bazin 64
Adele Bazin 49
Henry Bazin 17
Josephine Bazin 15

Xavier Bazin in the U.S. City Directories, 1822-1995
Residence Year: 1888
Street address: 915 N 29th
Residence Place: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Publication Title: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, City Directory, 1888

Xavier Bazin in the Pennsylvania and New Jersey, Church and Town Records, 1669-2013
Event Type: Burial
Death Date: abt 1888
Burial Date: 1888
Burial Place: Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
Organization Name: Laurel Hill Cemetery

Mrs Caroline Adele Kelduffe in the Pennsylvania, Death Certificates, 1906-1966
Name: Mrs Caroline Adele Kelduffe, also (Mrs Caroline Adele Bazin)
Age: 50
Birth Date: 13 Jun 1859
Birth Place: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Death Date: 13 Jan 1907
Death Place: Pennsylvania
Father: Xavier Bazin
Mother: Adele Rouselle

Any help or correction greatly appreciated on this Bazin & Rousell genealogy, email Debra here.

This is a thick and heavy transferware printed earthenware chunky ironstone pot lid, base with no top pot, is the bottom only. It is original and from the the Victorian Era, made in Staffordshire, England and exported to America for the popular Bazin Philadelphia perfumery, circa 1850's. Text on the pot lid reads: "Seven Highest Premiums Awarded, Also a Prize Medal at the Worlds Fair London 1851 to X. Bazin, Philadelphia.

Click images to see condition in very close up and movable views. The rim has some brown discoloration, and there are chips on the inside rim, as seen in scans. The staining and imperfections we have come to expect on these pieces due to their age, this one about 170 years old. It displays beautifully and is an uncommon American find for the antique pot lid and base collector. It was found in the Hudson Valley of New York State, NY USA. See other pot lids on our site.
debra clifford antiques devon sold archive
Size: 3.5 inches diameter
debra clifford antiques     Welcome! We have a 100% approval policy. Also visit Debra's other 2 sites: Ancestorville, with thousands of early signed vintage lost family photos of the 19th century for genealogy, and Vintage Poster Works, a vintage antique advertising site. email Debra with any questions here. We proudly use recycled packaging when we can.

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