1890's Antique F. & R. Pratt Co. Imari Cider or Tea Mug, Cup or Can
#AD091 English Prattware Pottery:
Here we have a beautiful 1890's chinoiserie Pratt made Imari inspired mug from the late Victorian period, and clearly marked "F.R. Pratt & Co, Fenton, No. 340." The Imari term is a generic one which comes from early Japanese potters copying the Chinese Imari style for export. Imari is evident in so much of 19th c. English pottery which was fashioned in the oriental style, made popular in the early Chinese Export years.
The area of Lane Delph, Fenton, England makes up the "Six Towns" area of the City of Stoke-on-Trent, federated together as a union in 1910. Fenton sits aside Hanley, between Stoke and Longton and is famous as the home of many of the early English potteries which include the illustrious Pratt family.
The first Fenton pottery is believed founded by Mr. Thomas Heath who is began his ceramic pottery business around 1710 in the Lane Delph area of Fenton. Thomas's daughter Elizabeth Heath was born in 1730 in Staffordshire. She married Thomas Pratt 1724–1789 in February 1745 at age 15. They had one child during their marriage named William Pratt 1753–1799, who was born and died in Fenton. He worked as a master potter at Lane Delph on his grandfather's original Heath site.
This is the era of the very celebrated pottery known worldwide as "Prattware." When William died in 1799, his widow Ellen Edwards Pratt 1753–1815 and their 2 sons Felix Edward Pratt 1780–1859 and John Pratt, born 1782, ran the pottery together until 1812. Later, Felix's son Felix Edwards Pratt 1813-1894 and his brother Richard Pratt, born 1786, formed F & R Pratt. Their brother John founded his own company eventually teaming up with other brother William Pratt, to form J & W Pratt, which continued until 1878.
F. & R. Pratt Co. was known for high quality colourful transferware printing on pottery from 1847 onward. In general, a large volume of Staffordshire pottery was exported to America. In 1890, future future US president William Mckinley initiated a new US tariff bill as chairman of the House Ways and Means Committee. Incidently, later McKinley served as the 25th President of the United States from 1897 until his famous assassination in September 1901. The 1890 McKinley Tariff Act mandated that all goods imported into the USA must be marked with the place of origin.
The Pratt factory was not previously known for marking their pottery, but now was forced to comply. Printed marks are unusual on Pratt pottery. This is an original marked Pratt, Fenton piece.
As a side note, the Pratt firm is also internationally known for their multi colour transfer printed pot lid earthenware, which is generally unmarked. The earliest Prattware is also very highly collected as underglazed and highly colourful relief moulded earthenware, such as jugs. Thus we have the different eras of the Pratt pottery family.
The Prattware artist known for the stunning pot lid work was Jesse Austin 1806-1879, a sought after watercolour painter and skilled engraver. He joined the Pratt Company in 1843, and together with Felix Pratt, produced a very prolific range of English transferware pot lids for cosmetic, drug and food use. Austin would first paint the Victorian designs in watercolour, and then etch the copper plates for transferware. The work was stunning and is still highly sought after today. The end of this stunning Pratt pottery era took place in 1916, when H.T. Robinson acquired the Company.
This old Pratt mug was found in Exeter, Devon, England. The condition is beautiful, some gold gilding loss on edge, and tiny firing/glazing imperfections, as all antique pottery has, but in beautiful condition overall. See photos. Click images to see condition in very close up and movable views. This is an unusual piece and a sought after oriental pattern.
Size: 3.25 x 3 inches diameter, 4 inches wide including handle.
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Book: Anthology of British Cups, Michael Berthoud 1982 (Coffee Cans too)