1833-1837 Machin & Potts "Cavendish" Blue & White Transferware Platter
1830's Machin & Potts "Cavendish" Chinoiserie Transferware Platter
A beautiful, original and handsome original 1830's pre Victorian era Chinoiserie blue & white transferware platter. It measures a large 15.75 inches, with an oriental center theme of a peacock, a tall embellished column with floral and botanical garden elements, a gazebo, a wooden lattice fence (as seen in old oriental willow patterns), urns, and asian related architecture in the distance, all set on a large lake or river. It has a beautiful nasturtium flower transferware border with inset architectural scenes, and a scalloped edge.
The platter is marked on the reverse with a graphic angel backmark. She blows a trumpet and holds a cartouche scroll that reads "Cavendish" which is the name of this peacock and column pattern by Machin & Potts of Burslem, Staffordshire. The mark also reads "Patent" and "M & P" in her scrolls, see photos. There is also a deeply embossed number "14" and the letter "K".
The Cavendish pattern name was most likely chosen to convey a sense of Georgian era British culture and class. The House of Cavendish is a British Noble House and the family is one of the richest and most influential in England since the 1500's. William Cavendish was the 4th Duke of Devonshire from 1720–1764 and a British statesman and politician as prime minister from 1756–1757.
The pottery firm Machin & Potts were in business for four years from 1833 to 1837, the partnership ending the year that Queen Victoria took the throne. William Wainwright Potts, (also known as W.W. Potts) joined William Machin as a partner in the "Waterloo Potteries" in Burslem, Staffordshire in 1833 and it ended in 1837. The Waterloo potteries worked in Burslem from the late 1700's until about 1863, first started by Joseph Machin. We have included in our photos below two 1834 and 1835 Machin & Potts ads for your pleasure, done when this platter was made. They can be found online here at Grace's Guide, a historical listing of Britain's industries.
This piece is almost 200 years old and shows minimal aging, glaze crazing and wear. Click images to see condition in close up views. There are 3 typical triangular platter stilt marks on the reverse that are directly from the kiln, when each platter was stacked for firing. One of these tripod marks falls near the M&P angel backmark, as seen in photos. There are tiny firing blemishes, but the piece must be scrutinized to see them.
The platter is well documented in 2 pottery research books; The Dictionary of Blue and White Printed Pottery 1780-1880, Vol. II by A.W Coysh and R.K Henrywood, published in 1989, and the 2008 book entitled Machin Porcelains & Earthenwares by Bill Thom and Philip Miller. It was found in Chesterfield, Derbyshire, England.
Size: 15.75 inches x 12.75 inches
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