1810 Josiah Wedgwood Pearlware Chrysanthemum Pattern Coffee Can Mug
Josiah Wedgwood II 1730-95, designed his incredible Chinoiserie pattern called "Chrysanthemum" in the very early 19th century. It is a historical design example of the early 19th century English Imari, Japonaiserie, Oriental and the Asiatic style of ornamentation so popular in the 18th century and 1800-1815 Chinese Export time period. This popular pattern was also copied by Spode.
This antique piece was made during the period of George III, circa 1800-1810. Josiah Wedgwood's father, Josiah Wedgwood the first 1730-1795 is ever known as "The Father of English Potters." He became one of the most influential English pottery manufacturers and overall 18th century entrepeneurs of his time.
The hand painted transferware pattern is in browns, cobalt, orange, orange red, green on early pearlware earthenware with the famous Wedgwood "fish roe" background. It is gilded heavily with classic Georgian era embellishment. The handle is a large loop, also in the fish roe pattern. The condition is beautiful, as seen in close up scans. There are no chips, cracks or repairs. It has an overall age crazing and light colour aging, as seen. It is unmarked. It exhibits a beautiful period script handwritten "No 7" close to bottom edge, and the number 4 with 2 dots, see photos. These are artist or potter tally marks.
What is an Antique English coffee can? It is a straight edge cup, smaller and shaped like a "can." It is an early ancestor to what we know of today as our beloved "coffee mug." The European elite drank their highly coveted and expensive coffee from a "coffee can" in the 18th and 19th centuries, and it was not to be confused with the traditional tea cup.
What is English pearlware pottery? It is an earthenware dating from 1774-1830, the Georgian era in England. A lovely soft glossy pottery with an overall faint blue/grey tint derived from a touch of cobalt blue in the glaze. This cool blue tinge gives a whiter china appearance than the earlier yellow creamware. Historically, Josiah Wedgwood was seen as the inventor of pearlware with his 1779 "Pearl White" line. It is now known that other 18th century firms were producing pearlware in the 4-5 years prior, known as "pearl blue" and "china glaze" in the early pottery trade. Eventually these early terms fell out of use for the word pearlware in the 19th century.
This is an early and scarce 220 year old piece and pattern. The condition is very good and the patina is consistent with age and use. It is documented in the wonderful out of print pottery book entitled "Compendium of British Cups" published in 1991 by historian author Michael Berthoud. It was recently found in the Totnes, Devon, England area.
Size: 2.5 inches diameter x 2.5 inches height
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